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Sangamon County, Illinois Genweb

Sangamon County was formed in 1821 from Madison and Bond Counties. The county took its name from the Sangamon River which runs through it. Sangamon comes from the Pottawatomie word Sain-guee-mon allegedly meaning "where there is plenty to eat." Calhoun, named after Senator John Calhoun, became the county seat in 1821. By 1832 Calhoun was so unpopular the town was renamed Springfield. It became the third Illinois State capitol in 1837, thanks in no small part to a legislator who is better known as President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln. Springfield is the location of two state capitol buildings ["old" and "new"], the legislature, the state archives, the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library, Abraham Lincoln's home and his tomb. In 2009 there will be major events marking the 200th anniversary of Lincoln's birth -- even though he was born in Kentucky he is most associated with Illinois.

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Sangamon County Biographies

Abraham Lincoln

Elijah Iles, Founder

Other founders of Springfield

Sangamon County Cemetery Records

Sangamon County Census Records

Sangamon Church Records

Sangamon County Family Histories

Sangamon County History

Illinois County Formation Maps & Information Illinois County Boundaries Maps
1837 Towns, Places, Creeks
The City of Springfield
The Village of Dawson
The Village of Mechanicsburg
"The Deep Snow" in 1830-1831
Nov 19 & 26, 1847 James Reed Diary [Donner Party]
1871 Springfield History from Google Books, no longer available there
Townships Histories with 1875 Plats
1876 Sangamon County History
Index and Biographies from 1876 History
Early Arrivals - 1876 Early Settlers
Where They Settled - 1876 Early Settlers
Connected by Marriage - 1876 Early Settlers
Index and Biographies in History of Sangamon County, Illinois
1889 Sangamon County Directory
Index and Biographies in Portrait & Biographical Album of Sangamon County, Illinois [1891]
Index and Biographies in History of the City of Springfield and Sangamon County, Illinois - 1901 Sangamon County Courthouse 1901
Old Settlers' Society
Index and Biographies in Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois and History of Sangamon County Volume II - Biographical [1912]
Credits: Shirley Aleguas for transcribing biographies from the 1881, 1891, 1904 and 1912 publications
Mary Ann Kaylor for transcribing biographies from the 1904 and 1912 publications
Patty Gaddis for transcribing biographies from the 1912 publication.
Springfield Survey, Volume III, 1901 at Google Books

Sangamon County Military Records

Lists of Veterans by War

Naturalization Records 1862-1864

Probates, Wills and Deeds


Sangamon County Vital Records

Birth Records

Marriage Records

Death Records

Pritchett Funeral Home Records

Research Aids & Useful Information

Other Genealogy Links

Neighboring Counties

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IL GenWeb

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